Grant Details

Low or No Emission Grant Program (Low-No Program) - FY 2024

Agency: U.S. Department of Transportation
CFDA: 20.526
Federal FON: FTA-2024-003-TPM-LWNO
Office: Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Office of Program Management
Multipart Grant: No
Next Due: 04/25/2024 (Application)
Solicitation Date: 02/08/2024
Match Required: Yes
Match Type: Cash/In-Kind
Actual Funds: $1,103,963,762 (Confirmed)

The purpose of this program is to support the purchase or lease of low- or no-emission transit buses that use advanced technologies for transit revenue operations, including the acquisition, construction, or leasing of related equipment or required supporting facilities, such as recharging, refueling, and maintenance facilities.

All projects must meet the following requirements:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector; incorporate evidence-based climate resilience measures and features; avoid adverse environmental impacts to air or water quality, wetlands, and endangered species; and address the disproportionate negative environmental impacts of transportation on disadvantaged communities
  • Create proportional impacts to all populations in a project area and increase equitable access to project benefits
  • Address equity and environmental justice, particularly for communities that have experienced decades of underinvestment and are most impacted by climate change, pollution, and environmental hazards
  • Support the creation of good-paying jobs with the free and fair choice to join a union and the incorporation of strong labor standards and training and placement programs, especially registered apprenticeships, in project planning stages
  • Support wealth creation through the inclusion of local inclusive economic development and entrepreneurship, such as the utilization of disadvantaged business enterprises

Eligible activities include:

  • Purchasing or leasing low- or no-emission buses
  • Acquiring low- or no-emission buses with a leased power source
  • Constructing or leasing facilities and related equipment for low- or no-emission buses
  • Constructing new public transportation facilities to accommodate low- or no-emission buses
  • Rehabilitating or improving existing public transportation facilities to accommodate low- or no-emission buses

All projects must involve the acquisition or leasing of low-or no-emission buses or bus facilities that make greater reductions in energy consumption and harmful emissions than comparable standard buses or other low- or no-emission buses.

For the purposes of this program, a low- or no-emission bus is defined as a passenger vehicle used to provide public transportation that sufficiently reduces energy consumption or harmful emissions, including direct carbon emissions, when compared to a standard vehicle, including zero-emission transit buses, such as hydrogen fuel-cell buses, battery-electric buses, and rubber tire trolley buses powered by overhead catenaries. All new transit bus models must successfully complete Federal Transit Administration (FTA) bus testing for production transit buses in order to be eligible under this program.

Zero-emission projects must include costs of workforce development, unless the applicant certifies that such funds are not needed. In general, projects may also include costs incidental to the acquisition of buses or to the construction of facilities, such as the costs of related workforce development and training activities, and project administration expenses.

Favorable consideration will be given to projects that propose to use funds only for the incremental cost of new technologies over the cost of replacing vehicles with standard propulsion technologies. Refer to pages 8-9 of the NOFA file for information regarding additional priority criteria for projects.

Projects may be implemented by the award recipient or subrecipients. Projects may also include partnerships with other entities that intend to participate in the implementation of the project, including specific vehicle manufacturers, equipment vendors, owners or operators of related facilities, or project consultants.

Projects proposing to deploy autonomous vehicles or other innovative motor vehicle technology must demonstrate that all vehicles will comply with applicable safety requirements, as detailed on page 7 of the NOFA file.

Optional webinars are scheduled for this program. Refer to the Application section for details.

Eligibility Notes:

Eligible applicants are designated recipients of Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grants, including:

  • States, including the District of Columbia and U.S. territories
  • Local governmental authorities
  • Tribal governments

Except for projects proposed by Indian tribes, projects in rural/non-urbanized areas, which, for the purposes of this program, are defined as areas that have not been designated in the 2020 census as an urbanized area with at least 50,000 in population by the Secretary of Commerce, must be submitted by a state, either individually or as a part of a statewide application. States and other eligible applicants may also submit consolidated proposals for projects in urbanized areas.

No more than one supplemental form will be accepted per SF 424 submission. States and other applicants are encouraged to submit a single supplemental form that includes multiple activities to be evaluated as a consolidated proposal.

A single application may include both vehicle and facility components, along with associated equipment and workforce development plans.

Applicants are encouraged to apply for both this program and the funding agency's Grants for Buses and Bus Facilities Program, known in eCivis Grants Network as US16189, whenever practicable. A separate application must be submitted for each program. If a project submitted for consideration under both programs is selected for funding, the funding agency will exercise discretion to determine under which program the project will receive an award.

Previous award recipients include:

  • Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (AL)
  • City of Jonesboro (AR)
  • City of Tucson, Sun Tran (AZ)
  • Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (CA)
  • Mesa County (CO)

Refer to the Award file for additional information regarding previous award recipients.

Eligible Applicants:
Local Government
Native American Tribe
State Government
Application Notes:

Applications must be received by 11:59 p.m. ET on April 25, 2024.

Prior to submitting an application, applicants are encouraged to contact the appropriate state departments of transportation and metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) in areas likely to be served by the project for incorporation of the project in applicable long-range plans and transportation improvement programs.

Applications must be submitted online at Mailed and faxed submissions will not be accepted.

Applications must include:

  • SF 424
  • Supplemental form:
    • Applicant information
    • Project information
    • Evaluation criteria
    • Additional considerations
  • Additional supporting information (optional), such as:
    • Letters of support
    • Project budgets
    • Fleet status reports
    • Excerpts from relevant planning documents
  • Fleet transition plan (if applicable)

The supplemental form must be submitted in .pdf format.

The following are required in order to submit an application:

  • Unique Entity Identifier (UEI) number
  • SAM (System for Award Management) registration

Applicants may obtain a UEI number and verify or renew SAM registration status at

Optional webinars for this program are scheduled as follows:

February 22, 2024
1:00 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. ET

March 5, 2024
2:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. ET

The March 5, 2024, webinar will include a question and answer (Q&A) session focused on rural and tribal applicants.

Applications will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

  • Demonstration of need
  • Demonstration of benefits
  • Planning and local or regional prioritization
  • Local financial commitment
  • Project implementation strategy
  • Technical, legal, and financial capacity

Refer to the NOFA, Overview, and SupplementalForm files for additional application information.

Match Required: Yes
Match Type: Cash/In-Kind
Actual Funds: $1,103,963,762 (Confirmed)
Match Notes:

Applicants must provide a match of the total project costs via cash and/or in-kind contributions, the amount of which will vary according to project type, as follows:

  • Projects that involve leasing or acquiring transit buses, including clean fuel or alternative fuel vehicles, for purposes of complying with, or maintaining compliance with, the Clean Air Act (CAA) or the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990: at least 15 percent
  • Projects to acquire, install, or construct vehicle-related equipment or facilities, including clean fuel or alternative fuel vehicle-related equipment or facilities, for purposes of complying with, or maintaining compliance with, the CAA or ADA: at least 10 percent
  • All other projects: at least 20 percent

Eligible types of matching contributions include:

  • Cash from non-government sources other than revenues from providing public transportation services
  • Revenues derived from the sale of advertising and concessions
  • Amounts received under a service agreement with a state or local social service agency or private social service organization
  • Revenues generated from value capture financing mechanisms
  • Funds from an undistributed cash surplus
  • Replacement or depreciation cash fund or reserve
  • New capital
  • Transportation development credits

Federal funds from non-U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) sources may also be used as match if the proposed project is eligible under the federal program and the federal program expressly authorizes funding to fulfill the match requirement of other federal programs.

Federal funds from DOT sources may not be used as a match.

Funding Notes:

A total of $1,103,963,762 is available to support awards through this program. The funding agency may cap the amount a single recipient or state may receive through this program.

Applicants are encouraged to identify scaled funding options in case insufficient funding is available to fund the project at the full requested amount. If the applicant indicates that the project is scalable, the applicant must provide an appropriate minimum funding amount that will fund an eligible project that achieves the objectives of the program and meets all relevant program requirements.

At least 25 percent of total funding available through this program, or a total of $275,990,941, will be allocated to low-emission projects other than zero-emission vehicles and related facilities.

Funds must be obligated within three fiscal years after the fiscal year in which awards were made. Favorable consideration will be given to applicants that can obligate funds within 12 months of funding selection and implement the project within a reasonable time frame.

The funding agency will grant pre-award authority to incur costs for selected projects beginning on the date of award announcement.

In general, up to 0.5 percent of the total award amount may be allocated for workforce development activities, such as on-the-job training, labor management partnership training, and registered apprenticeships. For projects related to zero-emission vehicles, 5 percent of the total requested amount, including costs for workforce development activities, must be allocated for workforce development to retrain the existing workforce and develop the workforce of the future, including registered apprenticeships and other joint labor-management training programs, unless the applicant certifies that less funding is needed to carry out the plan.

Up to 0.5 percent of the total award amount may also be allocated for costs associated with training at the National Transit Institute.

Funds may not be used for:

  • Costs incurred prior to award announcements
  • Development or deployment of prototype vehicles

For FY 2023, 83 awards ranging from $181,250 to $104 million were distributed through this program. For FY 2022, a total of $1,105,329,750 was distributed via 100 awards ranging from $167,257 to $116 million. For FY 2021, a total of $182,156,692 was distributed via 49 awards ranging from $611,840 to $7,404,210. Refer to the Award file for details.


Program Staff

Kirsten Wiard-Bauer
(202) 366-7052

Agency Address
U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Transit Administration
Office of Program Management
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, D.C. 20590

Contact Notes:

Questions should be directed to the program contacts provided. Questions and answers will be posted online at

Applications must be submitted online at

The agency address provided is for reference purposes only.

NOFA File: US14557_NOFA_FY2024.pdf (326.7 Kb)
Other Pre-Award File: US14557_Overview_FY2024.pdf (178.7 Kb)
Other Pre-Award File: US14557_SupplementalForm_FY2024.pdf (796.6 Kb)
Award File: US14557_Award_FY2024.pdf (3.0 Mb)
File Notes:

The NOFA file contains the full solicitation for this program. The Overview file contains general program information, including information regarding scheduled webinars. The SupplementalForm file contains the required supplemental form for the application. The Award file contains information on previous award recipients. Additional program resources can be found online at

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Grant Categories
Community Development
Training & Vocational Services
Environment/Natural Resources